Individual and Family Readiness
- Create a Family Earthquake Plan
- Know the safe spot in each room, (under sturdy tables, desks, or against inside walls).
- Know the danger spots, (windows, mirrors, hanging objects, fireplaces and tall furniture).
- Conduct practice drills. Physically place yourself and your children in safe locations.
- Learn first aid and CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) from your local Red Cross or other
- Decide where your family will reunite, if separated.
- Keep a list of emergency phone numbers.
- Choose an out-of-state friend or relative whom family members can call
after the quake to report your condition. Carry emergency
contact cards with out of state contact phone numbers.
- Develop a portable/auto survival kit for work
- Learn how to shut off gas, water, and electricity in case the lines are
- Check chimneys, roofs, and wall foundations for stability. Note: If your
home was built before 1935, make sure your house is bolted to its foundation.
If your home is on a raised foundation, make sure the cripple walls have
been made into shear walls. Call a licensed contractor if you have any questions.
- Secure Heavy Furnishings
- Secure water heater and appliances that could move enough to rupture utility
- Keep breakable and heavy objects on lower shelves. Put latches on cabinet
doors to keep them closed during shaking.
- Keep flammable or hazardous liquids such as paints, pest sprays, or cleaning
products in cabinets or secured on lower shelves.
- Maintain emergency food, water, medicine, first aid kit, tools, and clothing.
- Suggest that local organizations (of which you are a member) undertake
a specific preparedness program or acquire special training to be of assistance
in the event of a damaging earthquake.
- Participate in neighborhood earthquake preparedness programs.
- Attend training for neighborhood residents in preparedness, first aid,
fire suppression, damage assessment, and search and rescue.
- Develop self-help networks between families and neighborhood through a
skills and resources bank, which includes a listing of tools, equipment,
materials, and neighborhood members who have special skills and resources
- Identify neighbors who have special needs or will require special assistance.
- Have neighbors agree to hang a white flag (bed sheet) out after the quake
if everyone and everything is OK.